Wine. It’s your favourite alcoholic drink and you’re always willing to try new and unique wines, but how much do you actually know about wine? If someone who had no idea what wine is asked you about it, would you be able to answer all their questions? Continue reading to start working out your answers…

And if you seriously think you know everything there is to know about wine then maybe you should consider becoming a wine sommelier.


What is wine?

“Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine.” – Wikipedia


What are the four types of wine?

There are four main types of wine. This includes red wines, such as cabernet sauvignon, pinot noir, merlot and syrah. White wines include wines like riesling, chardonnay, pinot grigio, sauvignon blanc and Moscato. The other types of wines include sparkling wines, like champagne, and rose.


What is wine made of?

Grapes. Wine is made from grapes that have been fermented. Other ingredients in your typical bottle of wine might include sugars, water, additional flavours, yeasts, and powdered tannins.


What are wine grapes? Are wine grapes the same as table grapes?

Table Grapes vs. Wine Grapes

Wine grapes are different than your typical table grapes. Wine grapes are smaller, sweeter and have seeds. Regular grapes are often bigger and have less acidity and sugars than wine grapes.


I know the ingredients in wine… But how is wine made?

Although every winery is a little different, the first step in making wine is to grow grapes, after all, the wine starts in the vineyard. This might seem like a simple task but there are a lot of factors that go into the process of growing grapes for wine.

After the grapes are grown, picked and the stems are removed, the grapes are crushed to release the grape juice. Yeast is sugars are then added to the juice and stored for fermentation. Alcohol is produced during the fermentation stage.

Once the fermentation is complete, the result will be pressed in order to separate the juice from the grape skins. The liquid is now ready to be stored for ageing. Wine is generally stored in a wine barrel.

It’s important to keep in mind that there can be many other things that happen during winemaking, and every winery has different processes and techniques. It takes a passion for the work and some intuition to make great wine… and of course, a lot of hard work!

Click here for a more in-depth on the process of making wine.


Can wine be made with other fruits?

Winemakers can add sugar, acid, tannins to any juice and ferment it into fruit wine.


Is wine healthy?

Wine is known for having health benefits when drinking moderately. Some studies have shown that moderate consumption of red wine may protect against cancer, improves mental and heart, and could possibly help you live a longer life. The average 6oz glass of red wine contains approximately 150 calories, while the average 6oz while wine contains slightly fewer calories.


Who invented wine?

Wine has been a part of human culture for longer than anyone can remember. In ancient times, wine was thought to be a magical, spontaneous gift of nature.

The earliest archaeological and archaeobotanical evidence for grape wine and viniculture dates back to 6000 – 5000 BC and was found at what is now known as the country of Georgia, that sits between Europe and Asia. The earliest evidence of a grape-based fermented drink was found in China in 7000 BC.


The Oldest Winery: Areni-1

The oldest winery in the world was discovered in 2007, in a cave (called Areni-1) in the mountains of Armenia. Inside the winery, researchers found drinking bowls, cups, a grape press, fermentation and storage jars and a leather shoe. The items date back to around 6100 years ago.


More questions about wine you might have:

What is the difference between red and white wine?
How do you let wine breathe?
What does “wine body” mean?
What is Amarone and why is it so expensive?


Still feeling like you don’t know all you need to know about wine? Check out Just Wine University to become a wine know-it-all!


Are you a wine-lover that’s just looking to learn more about wine? Check out these posts:

Celebrity Wines You Didn’t Know About
How to Cure a Wine Hangover
What’s the Difference Between Sparkling Wine & Champagne?
A Guide to Buying the Perfect Wine for You