While a lot of wine drinkers are the knowledgable about the differences between red wines and white wines, sometimes Champagne-style wines can get confusing. The differences between champagne, sparkling wine, and prosecco are actually quite simple.
What’s the Difference Between Champagne and Sparkling Wine?
In short, all champagne is a type of sparkling wine, but a sparkling wine and can only be called “Champagne” if it comes from the region on Champagne, France. Champagne is a historical province that can be found about 200 kilometres miles east of Paris.
How do winemakers put the “sparkle” in sparkling wines?
Sparkling wine can be made by fermenting the wine in a closed or sealed environment. During fermentation, the sugar and yeast combine to create alcohol and carbon dioxide (CO2). Instead of escaping, the CO2 stays in the wine, waiting to be released in the form of small bubbles after opening, which is what makes sparkling wine bubbly.
What’s the Difference Between Prosecco and Champagne?
While they’re both sparkling white wines, Champagne is made from chardonnay, pinot noir and Pinot Meunier grapes grown in the Champagne region of northeast France, while prosecco hails from the Veneto region of Italy and is made mainly from glera grapes.
Other Types of Sparkling Wines:
Wine producers from every region have jumped on the bandwagon of making bubbly wines. Cava comes from Spain and is made in many different styles of sparkling wine. In Austria and Germany, they call sparkling wines “Sekt“. With the growing popularity of champagne, nowadays you can find sparkling wines produced in all areas of the world.